How much money does Bosnia and Herzegovina lose due to youth emigration? Bosnia and Herzegovina is losing up to €21,000 per person that leaves the country, according to new research from WFD’s Western Balkans Democracy Initiative. The latest figures from 2018 show that 44,700 people left the country and according to OECD data, the favourite […]
Troubled times: young people and politics in Albania
Young people in Albania show little interest in engaging with the political life in the country, a new WFD study shows: Two thirds of the youth surveyed by WFD in Albania claim that they are not satisfied at all with the current political situation in the country. Similarly, they have low trust in the democratic institutions of the country with around half of them (49%) not trusting the parliament as a law-making body and only 2% saying that they have full trust in the role of the parliament in the country. Young people have similarly low levels of trust in political parties, with 53% of them saying thy do not trust them at all and another 28% only having a little trust in them.
Our research also shows that young people see the same number of politician role models among both younger and older current politicians, implying that they see no difference in the political behaviour of politicians of different ages. Also, when it comes to personal involvement in politics, we noticed a discrepancy in the opinions of the young people surveyed: While around 70% of them think that young people should get involved in politics in Albania, 60% claim that they personally they would not enter politics. Also, a very high percentage of respondees – around 64% – thinks that politics at both the national and local level disregards the needs of young people.
The correlation between youth alienation from politics and a high level of youth emigration, which has been noted in other Western Balkan countries, is also confirmed in Albania where 71% of them declare that emigrating is a part of their short- or mid-term plans. And the negative perception of the political and economic climate in the country is the main driver for emigration: when asked to choose among several options, young people named corruption, the economy and education as the main problems the country faces.
Albania has been facing political challenges in the last year. In this context, WFD is working to improve the political party system through working with the youth wings of three main parties. For example, WFD has organized a series of training sessions for members of youth wings to building trust and collaboration among them.
By Chris Levick, WFD Regional Director, Europe & Central Asia Governments around the world have introduced emergency measures to fight the coronavirus, often alongside significant financial support packages designed to cushion the economic impacts of the virus and ensure livelihoods. Within Europe we have seen some extreme examples: The Hungarian parliament – with its hefty […]
In April 2020 almost 200 students in North Macedonia logged in to online sessions empowering them be active members of the academic community and society. Due to the measures to protect against COVID-19 in the country, students were among the first groups to change their lives with the closing down of schools and universities mid-March. […]