To break the current trends of shrinking democratic space and increased inequality, it is important to ensure that the emergency powers – although vital in protecting health – are not used to shrink the democratic space.
Inclusion and accountability should be high on the agenda at Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Commonwealth partnership says
Commonwealth organisations are hosting a three-day conference in London which begins today (4 March) which aims to put inclusion and accountability high on the agenda for the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Rwanda in June 2020.
Over the last two years the UK Government has helped advance inclusion and accountability across the Commonwealth through its ‘Commonwealth Partnership for Democracy,’ which worked with parliaments and local governments in 18 Commonwealth Member States to improve the representation of women, young people, people with disabilities and the LGBT+ community in democratic processes.
The partnership is led by the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) in partnership with the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Headquarters (CPA), Commonwealth Parliamentary Association UK (CPA UK) and the Commonwealth Local Government Forum (CLGF).
Key achievements of the partnership include:
- Supporting the enactment of legislation to include persons with disabilities in three Kenyan counties and training new MPs in Sierra Leone on disability inclusion;
- Updating the only Commonwealth-wide standards for parliaments, known as the CPA Recommended Benchmarks for Democratic Legislatures, so they align with UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 16 and helping 11 parliaments to self-assess against these benchmarks; 
- Advancing women’s political leadership in India by helping local mentors address the barriers to entering politics for women contesting local elections and in Africa and Asia by bringing together hundreds of women political leaders to build their skills to better carry out their work;
- Strengthening the Commonwealth Association of Public Accounts Committees to share experiences across the Commonwealth amongst committee chairs, members and clerks on how best to exercise their oversight function;
- Training 3,000 student leaders in Ghana on parliamentary ethics and practises and helping young people to secure the support of key political leaders in East Africa to the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (ACDEG) and promote youth inclusion in politics.
The Commonwealth Partnership for Democracy’s work has come at a critical time as the global landscape is changing dramatically, with traditional democratic structures and alliances being challenged in new ways.
This matters to the UK as the partnership’s work bringing people together in democracies across the Commonwealth helps to counteract these forces, supporting UK interests as part of a new Global Britain.
The Commonwealth Partnership for Democracy was announced in London by then Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson during CHOGM 2018, building on the CHOGM Communique ‘Towards a Common Future’ which was agreed by Commonwealth Heads of State.
Heads of Government made further commitments to ratify and implement the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women; promote the participation of young people at all levels of decision-making and to address the stigma around disability in all its forms and manifestations – to “Leave No One Behind.”
The Commonwealth Partnership for Democracy has also:
- Supported LGBT+ rights by hosting parliamentarians, activists and others at a regional conference in Asia to facilitate dialogue on ways to advance equality and inclusion for LGBT+ persons.
- Advanced parliamentary standards and oversight of Commonwealth governments, partnering with parliaments in Sri Lanka and Malawi to share experiences between their own parliamentary committees and counterparts in the UK, helping to strengthen parliamentary oversight.
- CP4D has been working in 18 countries: Bangladesh, Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, India, Malawi, Malaysia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Uganda, The Gambia and through an East Africa youth focussed programme connecting Tanzania with Kenya and Uganda.
- CP4D has also worked regionally in the Caribbean, Africa, Asia and the Pacific.
 Parliaments of Belize, South Africa, Malaysia, Kenya, Uganda, St Lucia, Pakistan, Tanzania, Grenada, Ghana and The Gambia
 The Parliaments of Sierra Leone and Anguilla have independently assessed against the benchmarks.
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To foster LGBT+ inclusive democracies, parliamentarians need to listen to LGBT+ voices, as well as access to more and better information. WFD is focusing on addressing these issues.