Kosovo

Kosovo

In September 2018, WFD launched the three-year Western Balkans Democracy Initiative to strengthen political parties, parliamentary practice and democratic institutions in the region. In Kosovo, we worked with political parties on a series of internal reforms in line with European standards. 

Our programme of support followed on from a 2016 project, in partnership with the British Embassy in Pristina that worked with political parties.

2016: year of first WFD programme
Context

Like many countries in the region, democratic reform in Kosovo is motivated by the European Union integration process, however the current pace of realising reforms is slow.

Support for democracy is a central focus of international assistance, but security and stability is often prioritised. This resulted in a political scene which is highly polarised with political parties having limited connection to ideology, frequent stalemates and lack of genuine democratic processes.

Improving political governance

Political parties are central to the governance challenges countries face and their effectiveness can make-or-break reforms. In Kosovo, we are supporting political parties to meet European standards with regards to democracy, rule of law, transparency and ideology. 

We will also work with the Central Election Commission to set up a new Political Party Office. This will help increase the credibility and authority of the Commission when it comes to working with political parties.  Developing criteria and guidelines for new members of staff as well as coaching for office management will help improve compliance by political parties. Currently political party compliance with the Commission’s guidance is poor.

Relevant programme information

Country Data

Population:

Population:

1.8
Million
GDP:

GDP:

$6.65
Billion (USD)
GDI per capita:

GDI per capita:

$3,850
(USD)
Media freedom:

Media freedom:

48/100
(partly free)
Democracy index:

Democracy index:

52/100
(partly free)

Key Results

Kosovo’s political parties implement projects to address internal shortcomings and progress towards European standards
The regulatory framework increasingly provides incentives to transpose European political party standards, particularly the rule of law
Improved transparency of political parties especially in relation to funding
UK and Kosovo political parties establish sister-party relations

Implementation

Western Balkan Democracy Initiative
Underway
Planned end: September 2021
Transforming political governance
Underway
Planned end: March 2018

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