Terms of refence: nexus between gender, conflict, and climate
Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) is the UK’s democracy assistance agency, working in partnership with political parties, parliaments, and civil society organisations around the world to create more inclusive, accountable, and transparent democratic systems. WFD strengthens the capacity of these key democratic institutions, helping ensure they have the systems, knowledge, and skills to perform effectively. WFD also fosters improved democratic processes, bringing together individuals and institutions and encouraging them to work together to solve concrete problems, applying democratic values and principles.
Objective of the assignment
Climate change is perceived as a ‘defining threat to peace and security in the 21st century’. It is a conflict, insecurity and fragility ‘risk multiplier’ and has been a factor driving or exacerbating conflicts, violence and grievance in communities and nations across the world. It is expected to worsen over the next decades, shape future conflict dynamics, and test countries resilience. To address it sustainably, change needs to happen at a broader system level and go beyond purely technical solutions. Sustainability of approaches requires looking at, inter alia, how climate change intersects with gender and conflict.
Available evidence shows that women and girls are on the frontline of climate disasters globally as those most affected by climate impacts. Yet, despite evidence that women’s experience, expertise and leadership lead to more effective and equitable climate resilience women, girls and other non-conforming groups are usually being structurally excluded and ‘caught up in a vicious cycle of impact and neglect’ from climate adaptation and mitigation processes and polices. Underpinning this challenge are gendered power asymmetries and exclusion along different identity markers that mean women and other structurally disadvantaged groups have fewer opportunities and less political power to influence climate adaptation and mitigation and get involved in addressing climate insecurities.
A conflict dimension is not routinely considered while implementing climate mitigation and adaptation programmes, or when it is, it does not intersect deeply enough with identity markers such as gender to bring about transformative change at affected communities/populations and transform the conflict. Ignoring how climate change and programmatic and policy responses intersect with conflict weakens their sustainability and effectiveness, and in the worst case, might be directly leading to outbreaks of violence and undermine efforts to address climate change altogether.
While the climate-gender-conflict (CGC) nexus has been researched and tools have been developed, WFD is seeking to hire a consultant to conduct a review of evidence on how this concept is being applied in practice and what worked and did not work in achieving gender and conflict transformation in climate programmes.
Scope of work
The purpose of this assignment is to carry out an evidence review on transformative approaches in implementing programmes/initiatives across the gender-conflict-climate nexus. The review will provide a holistic understanding of how currently practitioners achieve transformative change in addressing gender-conflict-climate nexus to inform WFD’s programming and further research.
More specifically, the review will offer the following information:
How the gender-conflict-climate nexus concept is being applied in practice.
What specific programmatic methods and approaches have been applied in programmes addressing CGC nexus.
What are the features of successful intervention, what did not work, and were the obstacles on achieving the gender and conflict transformation.
While applying a ‘traffic light system’ on the strength of the available evidence, WFD would like to receive recommendations on further research and knowledge gaps that should be further addressed.
Deliverables and methodology
As a result of this assignment an evidence review paper of 10-15 pages will be delivered.
- The evidence review will be developed based upon desk review.
- The review will take into account programmes and interventions delivered with WFD’s ‘primary’ stakeholders such as parliaments, political parties and CSOs, as well as ‘secondary’ stakeholders such as local governments, grassroot activists and local women leaders and peacebuilders, and it will provide examples from both ODA and no-ODA recipient countries.
- The draft research will be submitted for review by WFD’s in-house relevant technical and programme staff.
- The paper will start off with one-two page summary.
- Opening of application process: 26 January 2024
- Application deadline: Midnight UK time on 7 February 2024
- Contract commencement date: 12 February 2024
- First draft of research review: 29 February 2024
- Feedback on research review: 8 March 2024
- Final draft of research review: 18 March 2024
The remuneration for this assignment is £3,000, including VAT.
Remote desk work, no travel required.
Relevant work experience
- Work experience in / understanding of gender-conflict-climate nexus
- Work experience in / understanding of democracy and or governance programmes
- Understanding of transformative change in governance and/or democracy support programmes
- Familiarity working with peace and gender CSOs, leaders and grassroots organisations
- Experience in developing evidence and /or research papers
- Desired – familiarity with system change methodologies
- Excellent analytical, research and writing skills
- Commitment to gender and conflict transformative change
- Experience working collaborative and in teams
- Excellent organisational and writing skills
Interested candidates can submit their application by 7 February 2024 (17:00 h. UK time) to: Magdalena.Randall-Schab@wfd.org, including:
- 1-page application letter outlining relevant knowledge and experience, daily fee, and number of days as per details provided above.
- Up-to-date CV, including 2 reference persons.
- Links to a writing sample from assignments on conflict-gender-climate change nexus, or similar topics.