Westminster Foundation for Democracy is launching a research paper on the role that parliaments have played so far during the COVID-19 crisis as part of our ongoing partnership with the University of Birmingham. The pandemic generated challenges for all democratic institutions, and legislatures were no exceptions, having to consider how to adapt to debate, pass […]
Learning from Success: The Implementation of Election Observation Recommendations in Sub-Saharan Africa
by Susan Dodsworth and Nic Cheeseman, International Development Department, University of Birmingham
International election observers invest significant time and energy in making recommendations designed to improve the integrity and credibility of future elections. Yet observers do not always have the opportunity to monitor the implementation of their recommendations over time, nor the capacity to conduct in-depth research into why certain recommendations may be successfully implemented while others are not. With this in mind, the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) has partnered with the University of Birmingham on a new project that tracks the implementation of observers’ recommendations across five countries in sub-Saharan Africa: Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, and Uganda. Preliminary analysis reveals significant variation in terms of which recommendations are implemented, as well as some surprising successes – cases where, against the odds, the recommendations of international observers appear to have contributed to real and concrete improvements in electoral processes. Our initial analysis also identifies promising lines of inquiry for future research that will help to better connect international election observation with democracy assistance more broadly.
The World Report on Disability (2011) estimates that more than one billion people – about 15% of the world’s population – experience some form of disability. In Kenya, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, 2.2% of the population (0.9 million people) over the age of five live with some form of disability. The statistics show […]
Parliaments are likely to play a crucial role when states transition from war towards peace. Yet this role is often overlooked and very little research exists on the role of parliaments in peace processes and peacebuilding. Parliaments are an important arena for the inclusion of warring parties, and the resulting interactions could either aid […]