As the world’s governments come together for the annual gathering of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, there is a deep sense of foreboding. The latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has confirmed that every region on Earth is experiencing dangerous climate change as a result of human activity. The […]
MPs in Nepal scrutinise decades-old laws invoked by Government to respond to COVID-19
In April 2020, as Nepal’s parliament is awaiting to be convened for its Summer (budget) Session and the country entered its sixth week of lockdown, some parliamentary committees resumed their business.
One of them is the Legislation Management Committee of the National Assembly (Upper House), which is conducting an urgent post-legislative scrutiny (PLS) inquiry into the Infectious Disease Act 1964 that the Government of Nepal has invoked to battle the virus, including through enforcing quarantine.
Post-legislative scrutiny (PLS) is the practice of monitoring the implementation, impact and consequences – both intended and unintended – of laws that have been passed.
The Chair of the Committee, Hon. Parsu Ram Meghi Gurung MP, announced the PLS inquiry on the 57-year-old act and ask for the public’s feedback in a video posted on the Committee’s Facebook page.
As part of its inquiry, the Committee will also study and analyse the Disaster Risk and Management Act 2017 which hasn’t been invoked but contains provisions relevant during pandemics such as one created by the new coronavirus. Given the urgency of the situation, the Committee plans to conduct a quick study of the laws and provisions related to fundamental rights stated in the Nepali constitution to provide recommendations and direction to the government.
In late April, at the invitation of the Committee, WFD’s Country Representative in Nepal, Dinesh Wagle, gave presentations to the members on conducting a post-legislative scrutiny inquiry, based on the Post Legislative Scrutiny: Guide for Parliaments by WFD’s Senior Governance Adviser Franklin De Vrieze.
This will be the Committee’s second post-legislative scrutiny inquiry. Last year, with support from the WFD, the Committee conducted the first ever PLS inquiry on the Social Practices (Reform) Act, 2033 (1976).
E-governance and digital transformation: building a bridge of trust with CSOs and parliament in Lebanon
Since the 2018 parliamentary elections, Lebanon’s commitment to digital transformation has ramped up. The switch to an e-government builds on a growing momentum amongst politicians and civil society activists who believe that digital transformation can increase transparency and accountability within the government. As part of its programme to Strengthen Parliamentary Practices and Accountability in Lebanon, […]
The COVID-19 pandemic required the rapid formulation of emergency laws. In Ukraine, like elsewhere, government had to rush through laws. This is concerning, because the analysis of laws is rarely valued highly even when the process is slower. Monitoring the impact of laws helps ensure that they are achieving their desired outcomes. It also helps […]