Myanmar

Myanmar

WFD’s three-year “Strengthening Governance and Accountability” programme started in 2016 to strengthen parliamentary practice in the Union-level Assemblies of Myanmar.  WFD is currently implementing the Phase II of the programme until 2021. In partnership with the UK House of Commons, British Council and the Irrawaddy Policy Exchange, the programme works with MPs, Committees, parliamentary staff and civil society organisations to improve the technical capacity of the parliament, encourage MPs to engage effectively with the people they represent and promote Hluttaw-CSOs engagements for better policy outcomes.

2016: year of first WFD programme
Context

With the promise to transform the impoverished country after more than 50 years of military rule, the new government led by National League for Democracy (NLD) created high expectations for the public and international community. Several factors continue to shape and impede today’s democratic transition of Myanmar. Constitutional reform, national reconciliation, peace settlement, and establishing rule of law are, among others, the top priorities of the Aung San Suu Kyi-led administration. International assistance remains critical for the reforms and to realise a fully-fledged democracy, with the next general elections scheduled for 2020.  

By strengthening the parliament’s ability to deliver quality legislation and monitor the government, the programme supports Myanmar’s parliamentary institutions to address the persistent capacity issues in parliamentary politics.

Committee oversight

WFD works with parliamentary affairs committees to conduct the oversight inquiries in respective policy areas. House of Commons provides on-the-job training to committee staff to improve their brief writing and research skills. WFD also plans to produce a Committee Guide which will be a key resource used to induct new members in 2021.

Improved law-making

WFD delivers comprehensive support to build in-house technical expertise and capacity to create quality legislation. The strands of work entail developing a dedicated unit for legislative scrutiny, capacity building activities for legislative drafting, legislative scrutiny, post-legislative scrutiny, and advisory support to improve the Hluttaw rules of procedure.    

Hluttaw development

WFD provides wide-ranging assistance to Hluttaw administration to ensure that parliamentary services and institutional development envisaged in the Hluttaw’s 2019-2022 Strategic Plan are realised and sustained. WFD also supports the Joint Coordinating Committee (JCC) to become a more effective body in coordinating and monitoring the contributions of development partners.  

Civil society engagement

WFD supports civil society groups to improve their engagement with the Hluttaw and its committees with a view to both enhancing the openness of the parliament as a whole and giving citizens more voice in policy and law-making processes.

Country Data

Population:

Population:

52,89
Million
GDP:

GDP:

$63.225
Billion (USD)
GNI per capita:

GNI per capita:

$1,190
(USD)
Media freedom:

Media freedom:

73/100
(Not Free)
Democracy index:

Democracy index:

32/100
(Partly Free)

Implementation

Strengthening Governance and Accountability in Burma
Completed
Ended: July 2019
Strengthening Governance and Accountability in Myanmar (Phase II)
Underway
Planned End: July 2021


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