Indonesia

Indonesia

More than twenty years since Indonesia’s political transition started, the country is as an example of democratic progress in the ASEAN region. However, there remain challenges to inclusive and accountable governance across the different levels of Indonesia’s still-young democracy. 

Over the past five years, WFD has worked with Indonesia’s national and subnational legislatures and civil society across the country to advance more open governance, robust parliamentary scrutiny, and better laws that protect citizens’ rights.

In 2019-20, WFD continued to focus on supporting parliaments to protect human rights by working with local legislators to help bring their laws in line with international human rights obligations. 

2016: year of first WFD programme
Open parliament

The Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR), or Lower House of Indonesia’s National Parliament, has published its Open Parliament National Action Plan for the period 2018-2020. WFD was involved the process of developing the Action Plan and is named as one of the partners supporting its implementation. Through our Inclusive and Accountable Politics Programme, WFD has supported the DPR to form a dedicated Open Parliament team within the lower house secretariat and is currently working with that team on the development of an Open Parliament Road Map.

Financial oversight

WFD is working with the Badan Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara (BAKN), the public accounts committee of the lower house, to support the improvement of financial oversight by the national parliament. Through our Inclusive and Accountable Politics Programme, WFD has supported the BAKN to undertake an exchange visit to the United Kingdom to learn from the Public Accounts Committee of the House of Commons as well as the UK’s National Audit Office. Based on the findings of the visit, WFD has continued to provide ongoing technical assistance to the BAKN to develop recommended changes to the DPR’s rules of procedure that would strengthen the BAKN’s standing and mandate within the parliament and its role in the scrutiny of public finances. 

Protecting human rights

Over the past three years, WFD has worked with Indonesia’s parliaments at provincial and district levels (subnational legislatures known as Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah or DPRDs) to strengthen their legislative scrutiny practices through programmes supported by the British and Canadian Embassies in Jakarta. Our technical assistance has focused on how legislative scrutiny can be applied to improve the compliance of local legislation with international human rights obligations. WFD has joined forces with the University of Jember’s Centre for Human Rights, Multiculturalism and Migration to develop modules on protecting human rights through legislative scrutiny and we are currently in the process of launching pilot legislative scrutiny inquiries with a select number of DPRDs.

Country Data

Population:

Population:

267,66
Million (2018)
GDP:

GDP:

$1.042
Trillion (USD)
GNI per capita:

GNI per capita:

$3,840
(USD)
Media freedom:

Media freedom:

65/100
(Partly Free)
Democracy index:

Democracy index:

65/100
(partly free)

Key Results

Direct beneficiaries: 55 Legal drafters, 15 Public Accounts Annalists, 18 legal Analysts, 5 researchers, 20 Auditors, 22 MPs, 30 Secretariat Staff, 20 CSO activists, 45 Committee and Party experts.
5 standard operating procedures, 2 Manuals, 1 Organisation Blue Print produced.

Implementation

Improving the House of Representatives’ legislative, budget and oversight function
Underway
Promoting human rights through legislative practice
Underway
Supporting the development of an open parliament road map
Underway

News

Reconciliation statue at Stormont

Supporters, spoilers or sidelined: the role of parliaments in peacebuilding

  Parliaments are likely to play a crucial role when states transition from war towards peace. Yet this role is often overlooked and very little research exists on the role of parliaments in peace processes and peacebuilding. Parliaments are an important arena for the inclusion of warring parties, and the resulting interactions could either aid […]

people sitting at a social distance in a meeting

Redefining collaboration and healing public trust through open parliament reforms    

There is a disconnect between citizens and the parliament in Indonesia. At least that is what the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) and the Indonesian Parliament (DPR RI) found from a public perception survey conducted between July and August 2020. An overwhelming majority of the respondents agreed that public participation is “very important” in supporting […]

Jakarta Skyline

Sharing lessons on Environmental Democracy with the Parliament of Indonesia

The COVID-19 pandemic has left many governments feeling torn between focusing on addressing the virus and ensuring a recovery on the one hand and addressing the climate emergency on the other. WFD believes that, if they are transparent and inclusive, democracies can do both.   The Indonesian Parliament’s Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation Bureau (BKSAP) list climate change as […]