Kenya

Kenya

WFD has been working in Kenya since 2009 implementing legislative strengthening programmes that enhance the capacities of the National Assembly, Senate, and County Assemblies for more effective representation, legislation and oversight.

WFD’s first programmes focused primarily on the National Assembly, through direct support to the Centre for Parliamentary Studies and Training (CPST).

In 2012, WFD prioritised working with County Assemblies to develop their capacity to oversee and influence the county budget making process, in partnership with CSOs and the media. During these engagements, the Senate often played a critical role in resolving intra–county issues that would otherwise have undermined WFD’s work.

With the launch of Kenya Devolution Support Programme-KSDP in 2015, WFD shifted its focus to the Senate level, formalizing its relationship through a Memorandum of Understanding and a multi-year programme which helps the Senate play a more effective role in providing national support and guidance to county government as per its mandate. WFD has been conducting training and mentoring for both staff and Senators, with focus on the Senate County Public Accounts and Investments Committee.

2012: year of first WFD programme
Context

The 2010 constitution created 47 counties and started the process of devolving power in Kenya’s political institutions. The constitutional reform sought to balance local and national interests by bringing the delivery of vital services such as sanitation, education and healthcare closer to citizens. The success of devolution will be judged by the extent to which service delivery effectively and efficiently reaches over 40 million citizens.

Practical policy making process

WFD is working directly with the Legal Services Department in the Senate of Kenya to enhance the knowledge and skills of staff to create effective legislation. The programme also supports sharing of skills between the Legal Counsel in the Senate and County Assemblies of Kenya, to perform this role effectively. To ensure the sustainability of the programme, WFD also developed a parliamentary legislative drafting manual as a reference guide for the Legal Counsel working within the legislative institutions.

Data driven policy making

The Senate Country Liaison Office is responsible for coordinating engagement between the Senate and County Assemblies. WFD is supporting data collection from the counties by setting up an information system  within the Senate County Liaison Office to inform central policy.

Enhancing communications and outreach

Coordinated communication between the Senate and the County Assemblies is important for public trust in institutions. The programme has exposed both institutions to communication and outreach strategies to ensure important messaging reaches citizens in a consistent manner.  This included redesign of the Parliamentary Services Commission website to a more informative and interactive platform.

Inclusion of persons with disabilities

Under its Commonwealth Programme for Democracy (CP4D), WFD re-engaged at county level, working in depth with three County Assemblies and grassroot CSOs in the Lake region focusing on disability inclusion.

Through the programme, WFD provided training in mainstreaming disability in legislative process as well as helped CSOs lobbying and advocacy more effectively for inclusive service delivery. This directly led to three counties WFD is working with factoring in special allocation for PWDs in their county budgets with Kakamega and Homa Bay counties enacting county disability legislation.

Country Data

Population:

Population:

49.6
Million
GDP:

GDP:

$87.9
Billion (USD)
GDI per capita:

GDI per capita:

$2,010
(USD)
Media freedom:

Media freedom:

58/100
(partly free)
Democracy index:

Democracy index:

48/100
(partly free)

Results

Supported the gazetting of the Kakamega County Disability Bill (2019).
Supported the passing of the Homa Bay County disability Act 2019 on December 2019.
Policy development for devolution is supported at Senate and County levels
Supported the first East African Youth parliament on the ratification and domestication of African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance.
Information needed to monitor policy implementation improves in quality
Creation of County Disability Caucuses that bring together Members of County Assembly and Disabled Persons Organisations as advocates for Persons With Disability’s inclusion in legislative and governance processes

Implementation

Building Inclusiveness and Accountability for Democratic Governance at County level
Completed
Planned end: March 2020
East African Commonwealth Youth Leaders Programme
Completed
Planned end: March 2020
Kenya Inclusive and Accountable Politics Programme
Underway
Planned end: March 2021
Strengthening Public Finance Oversight Programme
Completed
Planned end: September 2019


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