As parliament is responsible for adopting legislation, it also has a role in monitoring the implementation of legislation and evaluating whether the laws it has passed have achieved their intended outcomes. Because implementation is a complex task which does not happen automatically, parliament needs mechanisms to effectively monitor the implementation of legislation. Parliaments and elected representatives often have little information on what happens after a law is adopted. The focus is often on getting legislation made, not on checking how well it is being implemented and if it is being implemented at all.
What is Post-Legislative Scrutiny?
Post-Legislative Scrutiny (PLS) is the practice used to monitor and evaluate the implementation of legislation, ensuring laws benefit constituents in the way originally intended by lawmakers. PLS is often carried out by parliamentary committees and is a prominent feature of UK parliamentary democracy. During 2017-2018, WFD started to explore how parliaments monitor the implementation of, and review, existing legislation through a series of programme activities around the world.
The Government of Nepal has invoked the Infectious Disease Act 1964 to battle coronavirus, including through enforcing quarantine. The Legislation Management Committee of the National Assembly has announced that it will conduct post-legislative scrutiny of the 57-year old law as part of its role to scrutinise government.
by Dr Matt Qvortrup A survey of 34 countries’ regulation of referenda shows that worldwide, regulation is minimal and open to abuse.