WFD produces research that aims to build an evidence base for and improve the quality of democracy assistance. We also generate policy that contributes new tools for democracy support, as well as guides for parliaments, civil society and democracy support practitioners.
Browse our archive of resources below.
Discover women's paths to political leadership in Southeast Asia with our research
This research outlines what barriers women face in their pursuit of political leadership and profiles women who have broken through these barriers or have forged and democratised pathways to political power.
In this unique online learning programme, WFD supports parliamentarians, parliamentary staff and those engaged in public financial management in exploring the key concepts, mechanisms and risks which impact public debt management.
15 February 2022 | Course
The average age of candidates for MPs on the parliamentary elections in North Macedonia held in 2020 was 42,5 years. Even though young people have a relatively high number of candidates (19,17% under 29 years), they were more often on positions with lower chances to win an MP seat. These are some of the findings of the analysis “Youth Political Absence: Analysis of the Position of Youth on the Parliamentary Elections 2020” published by the WFD office in North Macedonia.
15 February 2022 | Study
In North Macedonia, 80% of young people think that the authorities do not care about them at all or only partially care about them and their needs and problems. This finding is a part of a recent study on the “social-political participation of youth” that Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) conducted in the country. The study is a result of WFD’s efforts to investigate the current perceptions and positions of youth in the country.
15 February 2022 | Study
Parliaments and the Paris Agreement, a new report sponsored by WFD, involving three leading parliamentary organisations, ParlAmericas, INTER PARES, and GLOBE International, explores how parliaments from across the world have responded to the Paris Agreement, five years after these climate pledges were first made.
11 February 2022 | Report
More women in parliament in North Macedonia, but more needs to be done to bolster political participation
To gain a better understanding on different factors affecting women’s political participation, WFD supported a study and research papers on this issue in North Macedonia. The research papers cover a wide spectrum of issues on women’s political participation and contributing factors, as well as five specific issues: representation of women in company management boards, women in the academic community, the role of the Parliamentary Club of women MPs, gender perceptions for managing positions and the role of various socio-economic factors on women’s participation.
11 February 2022 | Study
Overcoming the Challenges to the Effective Implementation of the Violence Against Persons Prohibition Act in Nigerian States
These policy briefs give an update to the status of the uptake of the VAPPA by the 36 states and provides information on the current status of the Law in each state specifically. They are aimed at guiding decision makers and relevant stakeholders in facilitating effective engagement towards successful implementation of the law in the state.
08 February 2022 | Briefing
The most common forms of women’s activism are voting in elections (87.1%), signing petitions (41.1%) and sharing one’s views on social media (30.2%).
01 February 2022 | Report
Under the EU Media Dialogue programme, WFD delivered a campaign against the use of hate speech in Kyrgyzstani elections. In the run up to the November 2021 parliamentary elections, WFD targeted political parties, candidates, activists, and the media, to raise awareness of the concept of hate speech, the legal implications of its use, and positive measures that could be taken to prevent or avoid it. Political parties demonstrated their agreement with the aims of the campaign, when they included points discussed at WFD activities in the cross-party memorandum on holding elections within the law.
27 January 2022 | Report
As the COVID-19 pandemic is persisting and causes many health and economic problems across the world, national governments have taken measures to face the consequences by allocating additional resources, especially in the healthcare systems. Albania, despite its fragile health care system, has responded by adapting the state health budget to meet the needs of the citizens and to better address the pandemic.
24 January 2022 | Report
Disability inclusion promotes democracy. To promote a consistent approach to inclusion of persons with disabilities in political party activities in Kenya, a document containing minimum standards on disability inclusion has been developed. This is through a WFD and Demo Finland facilitated a participatory working session with representatives from disability rights civil society organizations, disabled persons organizations, and political parties. These representatives have identified and brainstormed on the critical aspects/domains that political parties should focus on to improve their disability inclusion efforts.
24 January 2022 | Guide
Albania is one of the Western Balkans' countries most susceptible to changing climate trends. Alternating weather patterns have already been observed over the last 15 years and the main Albanian document on addressing them is the National Strategy for Climate Change (NSCC) and respective Plans approved by the Albanian Government in July 2019.
21 January 2022 | Report
This template provides resources to facilitate the tasks of election observers in a way that contributes to preparing sound and thoroughly integrated reports on election monitoring from a gender perspective. The template is in English and Arabic.
20 January 2022 | Guide
Comparative study on legislation and practices in Indonesia, Moldova, and Nigeria
20 January 2022 | Study
Sunset clauses set an expiration date on a particular law or set of provisions. The expiration is either automatic or subject to a positive or negative authorisation by the legislature.
17 January 2022 | Report
At the invitation of Gambia's Independent Electoral Commission (IEC), WFD's Thematic Election Expert Observation Mission (TEEOM) observed the 4 December 2021 presidential election of The Gambia from 31 October 2021. The mission assessed participation of women and inclusivity more broadly based on relevant regional and international standards for elections. It also assessed the role of media and social media in the election.
13 January 2022 | Report