WFD produces research that aims to build an evidence base for and improve the quality of democracy assistance. We also generate policy that contributes new tools for democracy support, as well as guides for parliaments, civil society and democracy support practitioners. 
Browse our archive of resources below.
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Discover women's paths to political leadership in Southeast Asia with our research

This research outlines what barriers women face in their pursuit of political leadership and profiles women who have broken through these barriers or have forged and democratised pathways to political power. 


Publication type
Evidence-based advocacy is one of the most useful tools to ensure the participation of civil society in decision-making processes that directly affect the citizens. This is a lesson learnt from the implementation of the initiative package “CSOs Participation in Decision Making” that is increasingly important during health crisis situations.
08 April 2022 | Report
urgjenca alb
This study explores the potential for development cooperation to help address climate change and environmental degradation through greater focus on environmental governance.
29 March 2022 | Briefing
Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions survey report
11 March 2022 | Report
Document for piloting
22 February 2022 | Other
The project aims to support the reform processes in the Macedonian Assembly though assessment of human resources, assistance in strategic planning processes and assessing and developing recommendation for improvement of financial oversight mechanisms and instruments for greater transparency and accountability.
22 February 2022 | Study
financial analysis mk
In this unique online learning programme, WFD supports parliamentarians, parliamentary staff and those engaged in public financial management in exploring the key concepts, mechanisms and risks which impact public debt management.
15 February 2022 | Course
The average age of candidates for MPs on the parliamentary elections in North Macedonia held in 2020 was 42,5 years. Even though young people have a relatively high number of candidates (19,17% under 29 years), they were more often on positions with lower chances to win an MP seat. These are some of the findings of the analysis “Youth Political Absence: Analysis of the Position of Youth on the Parliamentary Elections 2020” published by the WFD office in North Macedonia.
15 February 2022 | Study
youth elections
In North Macedonia, 80% of young people think that the authorities do not care about them at all or only partially care about them and their needs and problems. This finding is a part of a recent study on the “social-political participation of youth” that Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) conducted in the country. The study is a result of WFD’s efforts to investigate the current perceptions and positions of youth in the country.
15 February 2022 | Study
youth mk
Parliaments and the Paris Agreement, a new report sponsored by WFD, involving three leading parliamentary organisations, ParlAmericas, INTER PARES, and GLOBE International, explores how parliaments from across the world have responded to the Paris Agreement, five years after these climate pledges were first made.
11 February 2022 | Report
To gain a better understanding on different factors affecting women’s political participation, WFD supported a study and research papers on this issue in North Macedonia. The research papers cover a wide spectrum of issues on women’s political participation and contributing factors, as well as five specific issues: representation of women in company management boards, women in the academic community, the role of the Parliamentary Club of women MPs, gender perceptions for managing positions and the role of various socio-economic factors on women’s participation.
11 February 2022 | Study
Women political participation
These policy briefs give an update to the status of the uptake of the VAPPA by the 36 states and provides information on the current status of the Law in each state specifically.  They are aimed at guiding decision makers and relevant stakeholders in facilitating effective engagement towards successful implementation of the law in the state.  
08 February 2022 | Briefing
A woman speaking into a microphone at a town hall meeting in Nigeria
The most common forms of women’s activism are voting in elections (87.1%), signing petitions (41.1%) and sharing one’s views on social media (30.2%).
01 February 2022 | Report
Women political participation
Under the EU Media Dialogue programme, WFD delivered a campaign against the use of hate speech in Kyrgyzstani elections. In the run up to the November 2021 parliamentary elections, WFD targeted political parties, candidates, activists, and the media, to raise awareness of the concept of hate speech, the legal implications of its use, and positive measures that could be taken to prevent or avoid it. Political parties demonstrated their agreement with the aims of the campaign, when they included points discussed at WFD activities in the cross-party memorandum on holding elections within the law.
27 January 2022 | Report
As the COVID-19 pandemic is persisting and causes many health and economic problems across the world, national governments have taken measures to face the consequences by allocating additional resources, especially in the healthcare systems. Albania, despite its fragile health care system, has responded by adapting the state health budget to meet the needs of the citizens and to better address the pandemic.
24 January 2022 | Report
Disability inclusion promotes democracy. To promote a consistent approach to inclusion of persons with disabilities in political party activities in Kenya, a document containing minimum standards on disability inclusion has been developed. This is through a WFD and Demo Finland facilitated a participatory working session with representatives from disability rights civil society organizations, disabled persons organizations, and political parties. These representatives have identified and brainstormed on the critical aspects/domains that political parties should focus on to improve their disability inclusion efforts.
24 January 2022 | Guide
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